In September 2007 the Government announced the establishment of an organised crime agency to increase interaction and cooperation by New Zealand government agencies in the targeting of serious and organised crime. OFCANZ was established on 1 July 2008, and is part of the New Zealand Police. 

OFCANZ is ultimately the responsibility of the Commissioner of Police; the Commissioner will seek advice on OFCANZ focus areas (priorities) from a subcommittee formed by partner agencies.

OFCANZ focuses on individual and group targets using a variety of methods to investigate and disrupt their activities.